James Polk Randle, born in Gonzales County January 26, 1845, was the son of Barnett and Samirah Emiline Hodges Randle. James attended business college in New Orleans and at a very young age he clerked in the mercantile business of Stieren and Forcke in Gonzales, Texas. For a while he was a traveling salesman but soon began his own business and built it into the leading dry goods store in Gonzales. On January 1, 1874, James married Mary "Mamie" King and they had six children. Mamie, born May 27, 1856, was the daughter of Dr. A.W. and Emma Goodrich King of Tennessee who arrived in Texas in 1851. Mamie was a 1873 graduate of the Gonzales College. James and Mamie purchased the lots for their house in 1884 but did not complete this beautiful Queen Anne style home until 1898.
When the Gonzales Cotton Mill opened in 1900 James served as president. He sold his mercantile business in 1900 and organized the Gonzales National Bank where he served as president. When the bank was sold and discontinued, he helped organize the Farmer's National Bank and served as vice president until he was elected president in 1914. He served in this position until his sudden death on March 3, 1920, of a heart attack. Mamie died October 21, 1926. They are buried in the Gonzales Masonic Cemetery.